June 11, 2021
Trinidad and Tobago has successfully completed one of the key milestones in the global quest to combat climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The red-letter event was the launch of a digital platform for tracking carbon emissions and mitigating their impacts. Known as the Knowledge Management System (KMS), it is the central database of the National Climate Mitigation Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) System and is located at the Environment Management Authority’s offices in St Clair.
The EMA houses Trinidad and Tobago’s Knowledge Management System (KMS), which is the central database of the National Climate mitigation, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification System (MRV).
As the backbone of the MRV System, the KMS facilitates the collection, analysis and transparent reporting of quality-checked data on GHG emissions, efforts to mitigate them and the resources devoted to these efforts.
The KMS is vital to the country’s efforts to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement. Using the measure of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Trinidad and Tobago has committed to a 30 percent reduction of cumulative carbon emissions in the public transport sector by 2030 and a 15 percent reduction in cumulative emissions from its three main emitting sectors- power generation, transport and industry also by 2030 relative to a business-as-usual baseline.
Government has already begun its efforts to reduce carbon emissions in the public transport sector.
The KMS supports these goals by supplying a continuous flow of quality-checked, reliable data that allows Trinidad and Tobago to track its progress in reducing carbon emissions, as well as identifying further options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It provides for the submission of data through a secure web-based portal that allows for collaboration among private and public stakeholders, Government ministries and other agencies.
As the operator of the KMS, the EMA is responsible for:
- establishing emission reporting requirements and quality control procedures
- extracting data from entities involved in mitigation efforts for entry into the system
- ensuring that the data fed into the KMS is accurate and reliable under the standards set by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 guidelines for quality assurance and control
- collating emissions data and information for analysis and verification
- verifying claims that mitigation efforts have achieved their targets
- submitting verified results of carbon reduction measures into the reporting processes at the national and international levels
- coordinating the monitoring, reporting and verification of all international and domestic financial support for national mitigation actions.
The KMS includes a mitigation component for creating policies, projects and other actions at the stakeholder, sectoral and national levels to assess the impact of GHG emission-reduction initiatives and to monitor their progress.
The KMS project, which was funded under the United Nations Development Programme’s NDC Support Programme, was officially launched in March 2019 and is currently in operation. In the lead-up to the launch, stakeholders were trained to log in and submit information to the KMS and to monitor their emissions and evaluate the impact of their mitigation efforts.
The Multilateral Environmental Agreements Unit (MEAU) conducted a number of stakeholder consultations and training sessions to ensure that all stakeholders were au courant with the KMS.
The Ministry of Planning and Development through its Multilateral Environmental Agreements Unit, is in the process of finalizing efforts for the formal inclusion pf the MRV/KMS system into the legal framework to allow for the mandatory reporting of greenhouse gas emissions by emitting entities in Trinidad and Tobago.